Thomas Scott Baldwin?
Parachute Jump, 1887
(Note: this event is
still being researched. Although initially assumed to be
a photo of Baldwin's balloon, that is unproven, possibly untrue. GS
"BALLOON ASCENSION - THOMAS BALDWIN MADE
FIRST PARACHUTE JUMP IN 1887"
Marilyn Blaisdell Collection
"Balloon Ascention. Ocean Beach, San Francisco, California."
"BEHRMAN COLLECTION" "CH-8" "PHOTO MB.C 1886"
Description from Seller
8" x 10" Large Format Antique Copy Film
Description: Marvelous detail in this c.1886
image of a massive crowd gathered on Ocean Beach awaiting a hot air
balloon ascension. The historic San Francisco 2nd Cliff House
(1864-1894) and Sutro Heights are both visible in the background.
Negative Photographer: Martin Behrman
Provenance: Image derives from the Martin Behrman
Collection of historical memorabilia which included thousands of
photographs and antique negatives. The entire collection was
purchased by Marilyn Blaisdell in the late 1970s.
This is an antique 80+ year old copy negative, not a recently
Size: 8" x 10" +/-
Image Age: Dated 1886.
Negative Creation: c.1920s-1930s.
Analysis per John Martini (2/20/2016):
"This photo seems to have a complicated history. Once upon a
time, an original print of this balloon ascension existed but is now
lost to history. Sometime after 1900, local photographer Martin
Behrman shot a copy neg of the print and put his name and code
numbers on the neg. The typed caption must have already been affixed
to the print when the copy neg was made, since “Behrman Collection”
is written over the label at lower left. Behrman copied lots of old
views of San Francisco, frequently adding his own guesstimate dates.
Because these dates are written on the negs, many folks just assume
they’re authentic. You can identify Behrman copies by the legend
“Photo by M.B.” and a code like “CH-8” on this view, for Cliff House
#8. (Other abbreviations included SU for Sutro, NB for North Beach,
FP for Fort Point.) Sometimes Behrman shot film, sometimes he shot
glass negs. After Marilyn Blaisdell purchased the Behrman Collection
from George Whitney, Jr., she had a young photographer make copy
negatives of many of the original copy negs, probably to protect
Behrman's aging negs from overuse. So, the above print either came
from a first-generation negative shot by Behrman, or from a
second-generation copy negative made for Marilyn from Behrman’s
original copy. Confusing, no?"
Analysis per Dick Brown (2/23/2016):
This photo shows a gas balloon, not a hot air balloon (note the netting and
slight top depression where the gas valve is
located). A hot air or smoke balloon has no net or basket and often caught
"ROOS BROS" "31-37 KEARNY"
(Brand of champagne produced starting in 1876 -
store since 1866 -
(A brand of soap, advertised starting in 1883 -
"DICKEY'S CREME DE LIS. BEAUTIFIES AND RESTORES COMPLEXION"
(Product advertised at least since 1868)
"PIANOS" "Matthias Gray Co"
(Founded in 1852 and bought out by Sherman and Clay in 1892 -
(moved to Post St "around 1892" -
Balloon Ascensions in Newspaper
Note: Only clippings outlined in
RED occurred at the
(presented in chronological order)
Cliff House balloon ascension, pilot
Daily Alta California - Aug 5 1884
(presumed event date: Aug 3 1884)
Van Tassel's first use of "Eclipse" Balloon
Van Tassel Balloon Ascension
Terminus of the Haight St Cable Line
(can someone identify this on a map?)
Daily Alta California - Feb 21 1886
Daily Alta California - 22 Feb 1886
(presumed event date: Feb 21 1886)
Two simultaneous balloon events
Prof Van Tassel, SF balloon trip
Sacramento Daily Union - 31 Jan 1887
(presumed event date: 30 Jan 1887)
Prof Baldwin balloon parachute,
Baseball grounds, entrance to Golden Gate Park, S.F.
SF Chronicle - Jan 31 1887.jpg
(presumed event date: Jan 30 1887)
Also mentioned in Sacramento Daily Union - 1 Feb
T.S. Baldwin balloon parachute jump
Terminus of Haight St cable
The Sun (New York) - Feb 10 1887
(presumed event date: Feb 9 1887)
Hackettstown NJ Warren Republican
Van Tassel balloon ascension & parachute drop
Cliff House, but relocated 1/2 mile inland
Daily Alta California - Feb 11 1889
(presumed event date: Feb 10 1889)
Reference to earlier Van Tassell balloon event at Cliff House
Salt Lake Herald - May 24, 1889
Prof Baldwin Balloon Parachute Jump
The Morning Call, San Francisco - April 11, 1890
(presumed event date: Apr 12 1890)
Balloon Parachute Jump, Bakers Beach
The Morning Call, San Francisco - April 14 1890
(presumed event date: Apr 13 1890
- why different from other clipping?)
Balloon accident, Lillie Hagal
San Francisco Call - Apr 17 1893
Do any of these clippings reference the event in the below
Other Balloon Photos
"THE ASCENT, M. BLANCHARD IN THE CAR"
"PROF'SSR T.S. BALDWIN"
"THE DESCENT, PARACHUTE OPENED"
"JANUARY 30TH 1887"
"VIEW FROM CITY HALL, LOOKING SOUTH, DOWN 8TH ST, 1896"
"CHAS S LAUMEISTER FOR MAYOR", "JAMES D PHELAN FOR MAYOR" (reference
This print came from Marilyn Blaisdell, identified it as:
"BALLOON ASCENSION ON OCEAN BEACH, FEBRUARY 21, 1886"
The location is not recognizable or confirmed as Ocean Beach.
The balloon banner is believed to read "PHILADELPHIA P.B. BREWERY"
(SF establishment, 1855-1887)
Note: There is a balloon ascension by Van
Tassel in the above newspaper clippings, Terminus of the Haight St
Analysis by Dick Brown (3/9/2016:
"This is definitely a netted gas balloon. You can just make out
the load ring above the heads of the spectators. Basket is concealed
by the crowd. Judging from the size of the load ring compared to the
balloon diameter, I estimate the balloon radius as about 22-24 ft.
Using the formula for the volume of a sphere, I estimate the
capacity between 45,000 and 50,000 cubic feet. Another question is
how did they inflate the balloon. It seems a rather open area so
there's not likely any municipal gas mains around. They may have
generated hydrogen onsite (iron filings & sulphuric acid). The
banner attachment is a rather sloppy job and it looks worse because
the balloon is not fully inflated. That's typical because you need
to allow room for expansion at higher altitudes."
1854 – 1923
Professor Park Van Tassel
A later Baldwin account...
San Francisco Chronicle, Sept 8 1918